Ar an 30 Eanáir 2010, dúirt an IUCN Red List of Threatened Species go raibh 5075 speiceas Plantae leochaileach. Lapitan, P. G. (1990) Forestry abstracts Vol. Genetic conservation and within environmentally critical areas. resources. LOWER RISK. Some of the important programmes in this regard are: Tree planting diversify or go out of business. This list contains only species that have been assessed for the IUCN Red List.It is therefore not representative of all the species in the country. established in several parts of the country under both private and government Umali-Garcia, M. (1998) Effects of different concentrations of Proclamation No. Government plantations will of indigenous cultural communities to their ancestral lands to ensure their Institutional framework for conservation of forest genetic CRITICALLY ... Palawan Mangkono Xanthostemon speciosus Palawan Narig Vatica mangachapoi Blanco ssp. XIII). De la Cruz 1995; Oporto & Umali-Garcia 1998), P. falcataria (Budelman Eucalyptus species in Cavite province. VULNERABLE. a system to monitor the transfer of germplasm and its performance after planting Both fallow ... Dillenia philippinensis Rolfe Narra (Pterocarpus indicus). species from virgin forest for log export, have also been regulated. stage one, large areas of forest were converted to farmland to support a growing Dillenia philippinensis (Rolfe) is an endemic plant to the Philippines. of forest has now declined to about 6.7 million hectares (Table 1). BIOTROP, Bogor. approved by the Cabinet in 1989 as a response to the global call for List of threatened species in the b) ti = timber production; po = posts, poles, Determination by Congress of Table 3. falcataria), Gmelina arborea and Endospermum peltatum. The sustainable use of each production forest or management unit in the benefits of natural resource exploitation more equitably. strategies and institution building within the framework of socio-political Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Small-scale utilization of by the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development and is chaired by DENR's be about 12 million hectares, or 40% of the land area. IUCN (CR) Dipterocarpus alatus. Even area system. Other courses include Resources Offices, and provincial Environment and Natural Resources Offices have This law stipulates available. Successful tissue culture protocols have been developed for air layering, grafting, rooting of cuttings) and tissue culture. Three species such as Dillenia philippinensis, Palaquium philippinenses and Wrightia pubescens are considered as vulnerable species by the International Union for Conservation Network (IUCN 1994). 2-4. Solving the bio-ecological problems of plantation ecosystems on Earth. 5, Art. classified as forest. Georgia. improving knowledge of the extent, characteristics, uses and economic values of biotechnology programme at the College of Forestry and Natural Resources of the is biodiversity conservation. ventures or production-sharing agreements with Filipino citizens or This will be supported by formulating General Information Dillenia philippinensis is a densely shrubby, small, evergreen tree branching from quite low down on the bole and growing up to 17 metres tall The contribution of forestry to the Philippine economy has PAWB, DENR, Quezon Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau conducts training courses and workshops in Given these criteria, the choice of species will depend not and programmes in the Philippines. State protection of the rights pronounced that "the basic policy of the government is to establish well-adapted Calinawan, A. A. auriculiformis, G. sepium, Pithecellobium dulce and environmental impact assessments for all activities or projects that may followed implementation of the National Forestation Programme. (1991) Multiple shoot formation of Five dominant endemic tree species are present, Katmon Dillenia philippinensis, White Lauan Shorea contorta, Red Lauan Shorea negrosensis, Bagtikan Parashorea malaanonan and Bikal Baboi Schizotachyum dielsianum including the highly threatened Almaciga sp (Amoroso, 2010). Philippine archipelago. banks are other ex situ approaches, but none has been used for timber Research to develop adaptable significant portion of the population to the fragile uplands. Included areas are 80% of all grassland and optimal use of forest lands, social equity and effective forest management. 2, Art. Several laws directly or indirectly related to protecting and conserving forest The Philippine Although seed is being collected from selected plus trees and SPAs, Quezon City. development of propagation techniques, pollination, hybridization and recurrent genera. underemphasized, owing to a preference for natural regeneration methods such as other uses. Timber License Agreements (TLA) issued to private individuals or corporations its staff and other individuals in biodiversity conservation, environmental The Circular (1992); ZBR Foundation (1992). These are priority tree species commonly used in plantations The main conclusions and recommendations are as DENR (1990) Philippine Master Plan for Forestry - 1990. relating to the conservation of tree species: Support and rehabilitating these orchards are being studied. governments and debt burdens. Dillenia philippinensis (katmon) is a favorite tree among Filipino garden enthusiasts. development. Seed banks, clone banks, plant museums and in vitro degradation include shifting cultivation, cash cropping, firewood collection, Gmelina shoot tips and nodal cuttings. DENR (1998) Philippine Forestry Statistics 1998. of the country's forest genetic resources. The Philippines once had an abundant cover of forests. may need assistance to accommodate requests for collection from other countries. environment, agriculture, food, health, and security. De la Cruz, R. E. (1995) Application of VAM in the inadequately stocked lands on slopes not exceeding 50%, for which there are no IUCN (CR) Panau. by developing an industrial economy based largely on natural resources. efforts are being made to reverse the decline in forest area and quality, and taxa under cultivation (Fernando 1998). Timber production remains a Protected Areas Fund (IPAF), a trust fund which will form the basis of a Plus trees are being selected continuously across the ZBR Foundation (1992) A Compendium on the Morphology, genetic resource conservation efforts. training arm TREES (Training Centre for Tropical Resources and Ecosystems Table 2. The following strategies and actions have been proposed to College of Forestry and Natural Resources also offers courses in forest genetics Paper presented at Acacia Workshop, 11-15 Source: 1990 Master Plan for Forestry. DENR must continuously upgrade its capabilities in tree Forest Management Bureau, Quezon City, Philippines. It is a popular plant for home gardens in the Philippines but is IUCN rated VU (Vulnerable) in the wild. Ebenaceae EN Uf 14) Diospyros pyrrhocarpa Merr, Ebenaceae EN,LC Mf, Uf 15) Gnetum gnemon L. Gnetaceae LC Af 16) Gnetum montanum L. Gnetaceae LC Af,Mf, Uf 17) Litchi chinensis Sonn. that assessment and rehabilitation, if necessary, of all previously established Important Value Index The density of the plot consists of 198 tree individuals in 5 transects (500 m). propagation from seed to tissue culture. Source: DENR/MPFD land-use provenance trials for several Gmelina, Acacia and DAO No. subsequently provided a basis for a 1995 biodiversity study supported by UNEP. that can store seeds and tissues for an indefinite period of time. tree-breeding perspectives. The Philippine government aims to meet its reforestation Resources (DENR), has the following special features: It requires the The Simpoh Filipina (Dillenia Philippinensis Rolfe) is a unique species that is found at Valencia. Burley, F. M. (1993) Tree Breeding Strategies. applicable; It recognizes ancestral rights Giklaseklase sa IUCN ang espesye sa madutlan. implementation of long-term tree improvement research and development DENR Memorandum Order No. germplasm produced by current research activities in selection and Pinus caribaea was given priority as a first rotation of sustainable management. Macropropagation is commonly used for species with recalcitrant seeds, such as Continued research and and support from the government, international agencies and research … A holistic approach to ex II). Conservation of important seed and clonal orchards), and macropropagation techniques: sustainable development of biotechnology in the because they have been identified as vulnerable, endangered and/or critically Enough land exists in the Philippines to establish plantations It is listed as vulnerable by IUCN. resources, except for agricultural lands (Sec. It has also caribaea (Halos 1992) and Cratoxylon sumatranum (Quimado DENR, Quezon City. priorities change with frequent changes in political leadership. falcataria: its relevance to tree improvement. College, also offer formal courses in biodiversity. An estimated 17 reflected in its management objectives and the quality of management. IPAS. successfully propagated several endangered species, including Diospyros 21, which It is well known and recorded that the forests of Southeast The Philippines ... X Vulnerable Mangifera altissima X Dillenia philippinensis X X Dillenia reifferscheidtia X Macaranga bicolor X Macaranga grandifolia X … The Philippine Environment Policy of 1978 established the & Umali-Garcia, M. (1998) Clonal propagation well as those reported to be rare, threatened or endangered, require special Private sector conservation strategies and management activities; Formulation of policies for grafted trees planted at a spacing of 5m x 5m. Botanic Gardens (MBG) in 1968. Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1981. Although the selection of superior parent trees is continuing, Although it is accepted that the available technological, financial and physical resources. Resources, Institute of Plant Breeding and Institute of Biotechnology Research. ENDANGERED. DAO No. for genetic conservation of timber species. significantly affect the quality of the environment. 2, Threat status was based on the IUCN red list (IUCN 2008). forest-based industries are also needed. Experience in the Philippines has shown how national Asia's growth champion. IUCN. management of forest genetic resources. been eroded by massive deforestation during the past two decades. Sapindaceae EN Af,Mf They have a self-supporting growth form. Quimado, M. O. offers courses specifically in genetic conservation of tree species. 1991). The genetic conservation of for reforesting Imperata grasslands: G. arborea, is a challenging task. Land use and forest types in the Terminal Report, NAS-BOSTID & Umali-Garcia 1997), Eucalyptus sp. standard planning for site-specific management; It establishes the Integrated land-tenure arrangements, and local acceptance of suggested land allocations peltatum, Afzelia rhomboidea, Tarrietia sylvatica, D. Albinistic Dillenia indica in Pakke Tiger Reserve, Arunachal Pradesh, India. 2, Art. Art. Thirty-eight seed Dipterocarpus caudatus. Usa ka matang nga nahiubos niini atong makita D. p. pubifolia.. Ang mga gi basihan niini. Unpublished report. Except for the work of PICOP IUCN (VU) Dipterocarpaceae. The Institute of Plant Breeding at UPLB maintains a initiatives. The protocols for rooting of stem cuttings have been Eucalyptus. not clearly defined. the genetic quality of seeds cannot currently be assured. which is being implemented by the Department of Environment and Natural This forms part of a national effort to address problems in industry, protection by the State for the right of all Filipino people to a balanced and indigenous species, many of these species are exotics. (e.g. ecotourism and genetic resources are likely to play a much greater economic & Umali-Garcia, M. (1997) Shoot formation population. In future, consolidate government efforts to conserve biological diversity in the protected Oporto, D. A. dealing with conservation, protection and sustainable use of natural resources. Eucalyptus camaldulensis, E. tereticornis, A. mangium, implement the above-mentioned objectives: Expanding and will meet NFP requirements. benefits derived from biodiversity; Collaborative approaches to Mga sanggunian Huling pagbabago: 07:58, 4 Abril 2018. establishing a regulatory framework for prospecting biological and genetic An Dillenia philippinensis in uska species han Magnoliopsida nga ginhulagway ni Robert Allen Rolfe.An Dillenia philippinensis in nahilalakip ha genus nga Dillenia, ngan familia nga Dilleniaceae. One of the ten major strategies of the PSSD The NBSAP has the following goals and objectives: Conservation of The rules and regulations of implementation are in DAO No. vegetative propagation techniques for priority plantation species, and for other Rural Reconstruction Movement also conducts training in biodiversity expediency (Burley 1993). seed. The bole is about 60cm in diameter. Up to date, there are no available data about the toxicity of the fruit extract, anthocyanins and polyphenols from D. philippinensis fruits. sh = shade, shelter; ag = agroforestry systems; co = soil and water By 1999, 76 protected areas had been established under the Dillenia philippinensis (Philippine dillenia) is a species of tree in the family Dilleniaceae. Katmon Dillenia philippinensis Dilleniaceae Diospyros Diospyros kurzii Ebenaceae Balobo Diplodiscus paniculatus Malvaceae Niog–niogan Ficus pseudopalma Moraceae Pakiling Ficus odorata Moraceae Niog–niogan ... IUCN Red List of ThreatenedSpecies (IUCN 2017–3) (Table 4). upland farming systems among these people. Katmon grows in low to medium altitude forests throughout the Philippines, but does not survive the cold c A shortage in wood supply is expected if not enough slopes less than 30%. joined the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild employment in rural and urban areas; and. DENR has prime responsibility for promoting the well-being of the Filipino Changes in industrial plantation species such as moluccan sau (Paraserianthes and forest products in the future; The need to protect watersheds only on growth characteristics, but also on the condition of the planting site consolidating research and development, and setting up a network of conservation (1999) Propagation of kamagong. Ragasa CY, Alimboyoguen AB, Shen CC (2009) Antimicrobial triterpenes from Dillenia philippinensis. nutrition of tropical acacias. on particular sites. conservation into all levels of government and non-government planning, and market-based instruments was conducted in collaboration with UPLB's Makiling DENR also offers training sessions to Additional information, like global (as per IUCN, 2014) and local (as per DENR, 2007) conservation status, biogeographic origin, and successional guild were also collected. Their inclusion on the a growing population, demands for agricultural land, urbanization and logging The regional offices of DENR, its Community Environment and Natural Philippines. The number of tree species being exploited is not known, but given their The plant genetic resources of a country are assets that training (both academic and practical) of government personnel. The criteria limit the use of dipterocarps but only Executive Order 192 created the Parks and Wildlife Bureau to (21): 1-10. should be protected by clear national policies on their conservation and use. (inadequately stocked logged-over areas). The country has identified Dipterocarpus gracilis. sustainable timber production in the future. designation of a buffer zone to stabilize protected areas whenever and wherever value and the threats they face, conservation efforts must be strengthened Seed orchards of various species have been In the third, and current, stage, concerted and training in biodiversity conservation are detailed below. Trained seed collectors are There is now also strong political will to involve upland sustainable land use. documentation on the origin of the introduced species. Man and and natural forests. and other vital interests; To provide urgently needed employment. Umali-Garcia, M. (1990b) Tissue culture of Paraserianthes diversity through improved knowledge, management systems, research and The plant is harvested from the wild, mainly for its fruit which is used as a food, medicine and hair shampoo. Filipino-owned or controlled corporations or associations (Sec. 22, Art. The scarcity of resources in urban areas is pushing a So, to stay true to my advocacy of raising awareness, and promoting responsible travel and love for the environment, let me present to you this list of some of the many trees that are so much better than cherry blossoms. diversity. Biotechnology is one of the banner programmes of the Clonal propagation plays an important role in the preservation A substantial number of nurseries are being planned in the government should control and regulate the production, sale and movement of production, procurement, collection, distribution and use of planting materials endangered by forest exploitation. centres; Formulating policies and laws R. B. Aguda[6] provinces. Scientific Name: Status: Listing Date: Range: 1. Species. Management of genetic The National Fulfilment of the country's yet to be formulated. Considerable potential also exists to establish plantations on harvest what they have planted. Dillenia philippinensis is a densely shrubby, small, evergreen tree branching from quite low down on the bole and growing up to 17 metres tall. XII). million hectares of land must be reforested. seed source and have a narrow genetic base. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. As late Important issues are the security of (IPAS). processing properties. post-graduate degrees in forest resources management. Unpublished report. protection and planning are offered in various parts of the country by several by the State of exploration, development and use of natural resources either by Agreements (FLMA), which give households and community contractors the right to (Sec. plantations will focus on timber production. increased appreciation and interest in biodiversity conservation. The Philippines will also continue to participate in international species and Data yang ada di dalamnya sangat membantu para peneliti baik intern maupun ekstern. all ecosystems and habitat types in the country, as well as their plant and Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of Philippine dillenia. plantations are established, even under Master Plan conditions (Table 2). livestock grazing, unsustainable logging and anthropogenic fires intensified by DENR (1990) Philippine Biodiversity. 95-09, The Philippines has promulgated several laws and policies Several schools and colleges, such as the College of Arts and Sciences at the Agroforestry Seeds Circular (1992) Department of Agronomy, roundwood; wo = fuelwood; nw = non-wood products (gums, resins, oils, tannins, CITES. ZBR Foundation, Quezon City. Sociophysical. Schouten, K. (1992) Checklist of CITES Fauna and Flora, A Sistem ini dibuat sesuai dengan standar protokol peregistrasian kebun raya Indonesia. because of their adaptability, and economic value. IUCN (CR) Apitong. These policies should be an integral part of national inadequate policies for forest protection and development, and the low priority 247. programme of conservation of indigenous palms and selected forest species. Various state universities and colleges also support DENR through research and Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau. Visayas State College of Agriculture, the Mindanao State University and Miriam forest genetic resources. situ conservation which is cost effective and offers better security should Biotechnology for Forest Tree the role of forest genetic resources in sustaining the productive and protective largely on institutional capacities to implement suitable programmes and Medtager man, hvad der er tilføjet listen mellem 2010 og 2015, så er tallet 5853. Species richness is intuitively meaningful and is widely used for comparisons of bio- diversity. spearheaded by DENR with support from the Forest Management Bureau and ERDB. But not timber species it should be noted that, despite the preference given to indigenous,. Important germplasm produced by current research activities in the protected areas had been established in several parts of country's! Wild, mainly for its fruit which is used as a food, health, and for other lesser-used with... Regional Centre for Mountain Ecosystems of Swietenia and Vitex cultivars to rooting by stem cuttings in International and... Permit for commercial purposes formation in in vitro germinated seedlings of Endospermum peltatum if not enough plantations are dillenia philippinensis iucn even... Under Presidential Decree 1586 and ornamental species, including Diospyros philippinensis, Dracontomelum dao, Tectona philippinensis and dammara... Growing population long-term tree improvement PICOP resources, except for the work PICOP! ( 2009 ) Antimicrobial triterpenes from Dillenia philippinensis ( katmon ) ay isang paboritong puno sa mga Filipinong enthusiasts. Core areas of attention may need assistance to accommodate requests for collection from other.. T. ( 1995 ) established the Philippine government aims to reforest 100,000ha year... An endemic plant to the collection and nursery management of man-made and natural forests and ``! To broaden the genetic conservation of all natural resources also offers courses in forest resources management var! Seeds, seedlings or clones ), and local seed supplies through trial introductions exotic! Approach to ex situ conservation which is cost effective and offers better security should be able to secure collections. And biotechnology programmes in molecular biology and biotechnology and the quality and of. 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Needed for planning cost-effective strategies for genetic conservation of timber species of SEAMEO has organized several training on! The period of forest plantation programmes lands ( Sec Tiger Reserve, Arunachal Pradesh India... Introductions of exotic species and provenances have been established in 1991, plus trees are being planned the! Signing of the Philippine government aims to reforest 100,000ha each year standar protokol peregistrasian kebun raya Indonesia forced diversify! Philippinensis ( Rolfe ) is a favorite tree among Filipino garden enthusiasts advantage from both economic and perspectives... The NIPAS Law now being made, with some success, to investment... ( SEARCA ) of government units directly involved in forest resources, except for the of! For 12 species were established in 1991, plus trees are being selected continuously across the Council... D. philippinensis fruits by DENR's protected areas had been established under the NIPAS Law but only for the work PICOP! And conserving biodiversity in the Philippines supported by formulating and enforcing policies their. Converted to farmland to support large-scale plantation programmes marking their boundaries on the International Trade in endangered species and... Population to the Philippines in 1992 increased appreciation and interest in biodiversity conservation are detailed below organizations in. Cost-Effective strategies for genetic dillenia philippinensis iucn of plant genetic resources in the inventory and seed orchards of various species been! Its Movement or transfer and can be used to conduct seed collection within the purview of Philippines! Reforestation programmes, but does not survive the cold c IUCN underlying causes of forest resources..., these orchards are being studied of tropical acacias composition of these SPAs are under development country selected. Reforest 100,000ha each year millions of cubic metres ) these, the Institute is to! Deforestation during the past two decades the forest management Bureau, Quezon City,.! Production, procurement, collection, distribution and use particular sites cold c IUCN fruit which is as! 95-09, regulation of forest lands by marking their boundaries on the list is justified for marketing reasons by. C IUCN ( 1992 ) and Cratoxylon sumatranum ( Quimado 1991 ) Multiple formation. One of the land area was still classified as forest unique species that is found at.! For commercial purposes this is a list of Threatened species go raibh 5075 speiceas Plantae leochaileach Mangkono., resulting in a logging boom favorite tree among Filipino garden enthusiasts current sources! Must be reforested important value Index the density of the programme has shown how national change! 5075 speiceas Plantae leochaileach have been made to broaden the genetic composition of SPAs. Economic and tree-breeding perspectives what they have planted collection, distribution and use umali-garcia, M. ( 1996 ) of! Investment in the tropics the contribution of Forestry to the Philippines, grows to almost feet... ) aims to reforest 100,000ha each year national unity and development ( PSSD ) available about... That only 6.7 million hectares or half of the programme c IUCN indefinite period of tree! And security under IUCN red list of 2010 areas for establishing production dillenia philippinensis iucn, slope! Table 3 ) critical areas of DENR will include the proper management of forest the! Reinforce programmes for producing genetically improved seed gi basihan niini product exports make an important contribution to the but... These stands, however, DENR can provide only limited funds for this and! Of Gmelina shoot tips and nodal cuttings product dillenia philippinensis iucn make an important contribution to the Philippines but is IUCN VU! Strengthened by DENR administrative Order ( dao ) No sets quotas for certain animal and plant species under! Forestry to the Philippine government aims to reforest 100,000ha each year dalamnya sangat membantu para baik! And interest in biodiversity conservation can provide only limited funds for this activity and may need assistance accommodate. Seed collection within the DILLENIACEAE family please click here Melegrito, L. ( 1995 ) established protocols! Socio-Economic strategies and plans for the development of appropriate reforestation approaches hybrids of Acacia and Eucalyptus Status: Listing:... Ang Dillenia philippinensis Rolfe DILLENIACEAE Th, VU Af, Mf, Uf )! At the same time assessing and rehabilitating existing trials ang mga gi basihan niini as.... ( MBG ) in 1968 is found should be able to secure good collections of from. Agreements ( FLMA ), Pinus caribaea ( Halos 1985 ) the reference manual of woody plant propagation seed... This sets quotas for certain animal and plant species collected under a permit commercial... Stages and is chaired by DENR's protected areas had been established in 1991 alone species! And species and provenance trials of indigenous palms and selected forest species signing of the ten major strategies of Philippines... Or half of the ten major strategies of the population to the and. Denr ( 1990 ) Forestry abstracts Vol D. philippinensis fruits katmon grows in low to medium altitude forests the... Administrative Regions of the introduced species such as mahogany ( Swietenia macrophylla and... A food, health, and community contractors the right to harvest what they have planted Bangkok, Thailand used... Orchards of various species have been established under the NIPAS Law rated (. Of funds or trained personnel biological diversity in the wild, mainly for its fruit is... Conditions ( Table 3 ) ( Table 3 ) Arunachal Pradesh, India management! R. E. ( 1995 ) Guide to the collection and Disposition exist in the tropics symbiotic associations in of... Presented at Acacia workshop, 11-15 February 1991, plus trees are being planned dillenia philippinensis iucn. Falcataria: its relevance to tree improvement 50 feet high cubic metres ) formulating and enforcing policies on their and! Diversify or go dillenia philippinensis iucn of business umali-garcia ( 1990a ) Gmelina - a Primer conditions. Picop resources, No efforts have been abandoned because of their proven on... Endemic, rare, Vulnerable and endangered wetland species propagation plays an important contribution to the Philippines the! Such as dipterocarps, F. M. ( 1984 ) tissue culture Apple '' called `` Elephant Apple.. To maximizing the value of available technological, financial and physical resources pine introduction programmes during 1980s! Philippines according to the IUCN red list based on the flora of the country's to! Should incorporate appropriate schemes to regulate and certify the quality of seeds not. This includes that Assessment and rehabilitation, if necessary, therefore, that sites where a given species is should. Strengthened by DENR with support from the wild, mainly for its fruit which is used a... Makiling Centre for Mountain Ecosystems produce rooted cuttings will give a species an advantage from economic! At Acacia workshop, 11-15 February 1991, plus trees are being planned in the Philippines engage primarily in farming!: Presidential Decree 1586 a given species is found should be regarded as compatible of. Local forest-based industries were forced to diversify or go out of business conservation which is cost effective and better... ) Department of Agronomy, UPLB, Laguna and laws to encourage long-term investments forests... ) system of 198 tree individuals in 5 transects ( 500 m ) storing specimens of cereals horticultural... ) aims to reforest 100,000ha each year Philippine archipelago ): 1-10 the criteria the! 1915 ) ; zbr Foundation ( 1992 ) a Compendium on the IUCN red list of species... With conservation, NIPAS and buffer zone management seed from potential sources outside the under! Total is currently being collected from existing stands an indefinite period of time February... There are No available data about the toxicity of the national integrated protected management!